MUMBAI: Maharashtra has among the most comprehensive Electric Vehicle policies in India with strong incentives for those switching to EV and focussing on public transport fleet electrification and charging.
This was revealed in a detailed study by Climate Trends – ‘Analysis Of State Electric Vehicle Policies And Their Impact’ – released on Thursday.
The new study assessed the comprehensiveness of EV policies in various states across the country based on 21 parameters that cover targets and budget allocations, demand side and manufacturing incentives, and focus on fleet electrification, charging infrastructure mandates and job creation. Of the 36 states and Union Territories in the country, 26 have released EV policies over the last 5 years, with 16 of them being released between 2020 and 2022.
“Maharashtra is among the top five states with most comprehensive policy designs, covering 15 of the 21 parameters assessed in the report. It is also among the nine states with the strongest incentives, among the seven states that have defined targets for fleet electrification, and among the 10 states that mandate creation of charging points in new constructions of residential complexes, offices, malls, etc,” the report stated.
The report also analysed the progress of policies in eight states that have been active for two years or more. “It showed that none of them are on track in a few states to meet their targets of EV penetration, charging infrastructure or investments. In comparison, Maharashtra fared better,” the report stated.
“It is a good sign that the majority of Indian states have EV policies. However, a successful transition to zero emission transport depends on the effectiveness of their design and implementation,” said Aarti Khosla, director, Climate Trends. “Our study shows that few state’s policies have comprehensive designs which balance EV sales, manufacturing and overall ecosystem growth. There are gaps in implementation, leading to slower on-ground impact, which need to be addressed through better regulation, improved monitoring, mechanisms and capacity building of stakeholders across the policy value chain,” she added.
Maharashta has specific targets for electrification of fleets such as last-mile delivery vehicles, aggregator cabs, government vehicles, etc. It also mandated creation of charging infrastructure in new residential buildings, offices, parking lots, malls, etc.
In Mumbai, BEST has planned to bring in 10,000 e-buses by 2026. State transport statistics showed that in the past one year alone, the number of e-cars in the city had risen by 168% while e-two wheelers witnessed an unprecedented growth of 253%.