India has one of the lowest bed-to-population ratios in the world, which is indicative of the infrastructure gap as well as the vast growth potential of this segment. The nation, therefore, will require an additional 1.3 billion sq ft of healthcare space by 2030 to improve the infrastructure disparity, according to a CBRE report.
CBRE South Asia Pvt Ltd, India’s leading real estate consulting firm, today published its first-ever report on India’s healthcare sector – ‘The Evolving Indian Healthcare Ecosystem: What It Means for the Real Estate Sector’. The report highlights the trends expected to redefine the healthcare landscape and delivery in the country in the coming times.
The report ran an analysis to identify this growth potential to understand how much real estate space hospitals would require to ensure equitable distribution of health services in the country by 2030.
The growing incidence of cancer and cardiovascular diseases, and the COVID-19 pandemic have helped identify the challenges that exist in terms of infrastructure and flexibility to cater to sudden influx of patients and capacity building. Most of these challenges existed prior to the pandemic, but have come now come to greater focus. However, the growing levels of awareness towards these challenges and the will to address them have led to an improved policy and spending scenario on the government’s part and widening private sector participation.
Commenting on the same, Anshuman Magazine, Chairman & CEO – India, South-East Asia, Middle East & Africa, CBRE, said, “Healthcare in India is being driven by rising income levels, growing health awareness, better access to medical insurance amidst increasing government spending on healthcare, an ageing population and the changing nature of epidemiology. COVID-19 underlined the importance of this segment, thereby amplifying investor interest. Moreover, the pandemic has ensured that in addition to health facilities, other functions too have entered the mainstream to forge a new ecosystem. These include telehealth / healthtech, deeper penetration of medical insurance, rise of quality home healthcare services, focus on patient experience and hospital environment, and transition from disease cure to prevention and wellness.”
Implications for different real estate segments:
* Land (hospital chains, clinics): As mentioned previously, the hospital segment is expected to require an additional 1.3 billion sq. ft. of space to match global bed-to-population standards. Therefore, further expansion by hospital players is expected, leading to a spurt in demand for land across the country. Moreover, as the hospital-and-clinic model gains precedence, peripheral areas of tier I cities as well as high traffic areas in tier II and III locations would see land acquisition for setting up clinics.
* Industrial and logistics real estate: Due to specific storage needs of life-saving pharmaceuticals and vaccines, the demand for warehouse spaces will grow manifold. As access to healthcare increases, this demand could spread to Tier II and III regions. Owing to the rising demand for medical products and pandemic-related difficulties including mobility restrictions and infection spikes in certain areas, reshoring of medical supply chains is also likely.
* Wellness-driven med-tail evolution: The rising emphasis on experience and customer happiness is driving healthcare and wellness companies to retail settings including shopping malls and big box retail formats. The concept of ‘med-tail’ is gaining traction in the West, and its echoes can be heard in India, where wellness facilities are popping up in retail areas. This trend is likely to widen in the future to include aesthetic dermatology, dental treatment, and other services.
* Impact on office and residential sectors: The emphasis on experience may result in a reconfiguration of hospital spaces, which could result in corporate operations such as administration being moved away from the main campus. This would generate demand for office space to accommodate these functions. Meanwhile, increased emphasis on health and wellness would lead residential developers to include a healthcare component in their future projects. For this, developers could either open their own healthcare centres or partner with third-party providers.
How does real estate design and strategy change?
* More focus on air quality, filtration and ventilation; separate air-handling for rooms.
* Flexibility in building design; unidirectional corridors, single rooms, isolation rooms, negative pressure rooms to minimize infection risk.
* Use of anti-bacterial and non-porous building material; easy-to-clean and -sanitize furniture.
* Greater use of technology; touchless designs, automatic doors, video conferencing in OPDs, rooms and OTs.
* Outpatient centres / clinics** likely to emerge as a key growth strategy to provide more comfort and access to patients.
Investment and business landscape in healthcare:
The Indian healthcare space has witnessed large-scale primary capital infusion in the past, with several of the key hospital, pharmacy and diagnostics chains such as Fortis Healthcare, Apollo Hospitals and Dr Lal Pathlabs being listed on the Indian bourses. Rainbow Hospitals, a single specialty player, was the latest on this list, having issued its IPO early in May 2022. However, the past two years have seen limited primary capital infusion in the overall healthcare space, including the hospital segment. Most of this infusion was witnessed in the healthtech segment, with the emergence of unicorns such as PharmEasy, Curefit and Pristyn Care.
However, capex investments that were done by hospitals a couple of years ago are up for maturity and the need for fresh capital is anticipated. Key hospital and pharmacy (especially e-pharmacy) players are likely to require fresh capital, due to which heightened PE and IPO activity is expected in this space in the coming year.